Sex Education for the Real World…

 


The World’s Most Common STD’s…

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Posted September 27, 2014 by Kimani in Infection Section

With all the conversation about major outbreaks of diseases like Ebola and Rotovirus – it’s definitely time to re-visit the ever so popular conversation of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Let’s look at the 5 most common STD’s and their symptoms. Of course, I’ll gently lecture you on the importance of protection as well.

Class is now in session.

 

HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

As the most common STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection), this is the one to watch. It’s possible to go your whole life without knowing you have HPV, and most sexually active individuals will have it at some point. There are over 30 types of HPV that can be spread sexually, and that includes oral, anal and vaginal intercourse. You can also contract HPV (AKA Genital Warts) through skin to skin contact.

HPV and its symptoms…

Chlamydia

Though it may not seem as popular, Chlamydia is actually the most commonly reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States. It is contracted most popularly through anal and vaginal sex, but can be spread orally as well. While Chlamydia may be asymptomatic, once infected there may be uncomfortable side effects. 

As a bacterial infection, antibiotics are administered to treat this disease.

 

Gonorrhea

This disease can be contracted along with Chlamydia and share similar symptoms; “unusual discharge from the vagina or penis, or pain or burning when you pee. Most men with gonorrhea get symptoms, but only about 20% of women do.”

 

Syphilis

This disease has four stages, and can often appear as a less severe issue, like a cut or an ingrown hair.  “The secondary stage starts with a rash on your body, followed by sores in your mouth, vagina, or anus.”  The third stage is usually when symptoms go into hiding, which means the Syphilis can go unnoticed for years (even the rest of your life).

 

Untreated, this disease can spread to the brain and create a number of complications.  World renowned painter Vincent Van Gogh was diagnosed and cured of syphilis and there have even been famous individuals who died at the hands of syphilis complications.

HIV 

While it comes in three stages, it is crucial to recognize the beginning signs of HIV infection. Symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Aching muscles
  • Sore throat
  • Red rash that doesn’t itch, usually on the torso.
  • Fever

Read: “A Man With HIV” 

If you feel you have been in contact with HIV – seek medical attention IMMEDIATELY. Advances in medicine make it possible for doctors to prevent HIV from taking hold within the body. These practices are used  with high-hazard occupations such as firefighters, policemen and other health care workers (EMT’s, Nurses, etc.) who come in contact with bodily fluids and potential infection. These drugs have to be taken hours to days after potential HIV exposure.

There is a latent period, the Second Stage – where there are little to no symptoms of HIV. People may continue to function without knowing that they are infected with the disease and can infect others with HIV. This asymptomatic stage can last for 10 or more years.

More about the Second and Third Stage of HIV 

It is very important to seek medical attention if you know or feel you have been in contact with HIV. Not only does it give you a better chance of treatment (possibly avoidance) and survival, but it is the best way to ensure that infection stops at you.

 

When we all get serious about HIV and STD transmission, the spread of these diseases will cease.  Putting on a condom takes a few seconds, and could possibly save your life – just do it.

How to Put On a Condom 

Resources

http://www.famouspeoplearehuman.com/famous-people-syphilis.htm

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases-stds/in-depth/std-symptoms/art-20047081

http://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/features/man-hiv

http://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/guide/understanding-aids-hiv-symptoms

 




About the Author

Kimani

A NY transplant in Florida, Kimani has taken on the task of educating the world on sexual health and education. The Mount Vernon native has seen AIDS and HIV spread through her community like wildfire, and hopes to cease the transmission of these and other diseases one person at a time. If you know better, you're inclined to do better.

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